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Entries for September 2013

23

So far we’ve looked at the ‘why’ and some of the ‘what’ about education, from both collectivist and individualist perspectives.  Both groups view education as one of the most important responsibilities within a society, as it is the means of perpetuating society, but for very different reasons.  It is important to understand these differences as they shape the content of the education provided, how it is provided, and who receives it.  Within collectivism this amounts to the state perpetuating itself and the societal status quo.  According to both Plato and Aristotle, the state is the lowest level within a society which matters.  While their writings are ancient, their ideas are still relevant as ‘there is nothing new under the sun.’  The state’s purpose is to bring people into harmony by either persuasion or compulsion (Republic VII), as the legislator’s job is not only to write law but to blend into them the explanations as to what is respectable and what is not in regards to the perfect citizen – and bound them by standards backed with legal sanctions (Laws VII).  The state is to decide what is best and to compel other teachers to learn this material (Laws VII).  This material should include and be based upon imitations of occupations, and includes control of words and the determination of what is good and bad (Politics VII).  These teachers are to be public instructors and they are to be supported with public funds (Laws VII and Politics VIII).  Finally, the children will be given over to officials appointed for the purpose of educating them (Republic V), for the citizens do not belong to themselves, they belong to the state (Politics VIII).

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About Dan Wolf

Dan WolfMy goal is that my writing will help you to get started on your own journey of discovery, or help you along the way on a journey you may have already begun. Our Founders considered education, religion, morality, and virtue to be the cornerstones for any successful society. Being successful requires understanding both the languages of reason and faith; reason alone is insufficient.